Political Advertisements as Catalyst in the 21st Century Democracy

The aim of this paper is to study the impact of some board characteristics on the quality of financial information disclosed by a sample of 20 anonymous Tunisian listed companies. To this effect we will . . .

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Ezeudu Ikenna Jude
Pages : 1-7
Volume 4 , Issue 1
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An Evaluation of the Level of Awareness of Entrepreneurship Among University Students: A Study of Babcock University Students

Entrepreneurship is regarded as the pillar of any nation’s economy. It is a catalyst for the provision of jobs to the unemployed individuals and thus, serving as poverty reduction in the society. It . . .

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Onu Christopher, Akinlabi Hamed , Fakunmoju Segun
Pages : 8-24
Volume 4 , Issue 1
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Sex as an Advertising Appeal: A Review of Its Ethical Basis, Functions and Effects

The use of images of youths (especially females) in advertising without connection to the product being sold has become a trend in advertising. These depictions regarded as Sex Advertising aims at attracting . . .

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Ani Moses, Makata Charles
Pages : 25-34
Volume 4 , Issue 1
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The Relationship between Employee Equity and Employee Retention among Employees in the Private Industrial Sector in Syria

In recent years, hiring qualified employees, developing, and retaining them has been one of the most important issues for human resource management departments in business organizations. But due to the . . .

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Majdi Nawfal, Ishak Mad Shah, Abd Al-Hamid Al-Khalil, Manaf Almatar
Pages : 35-41
Volume 4 , Issue 1
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Explaining the Role of Managerial Skills of Entrepreneurship in Business Success

Entrepreneurs require a variety of skills in order to manage an enterprise successfully. Aiming to explain the role of managerial skills of entrepreneurship in business success, this research studies the . . .

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Zahra Arasti, Nouri Fakhrisadat, Imanipour Narges
Pages : 42-52
Volume 4 , Issue 1
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Integrated Marketing Communications Approach to Corporate Image Management in the Information Age

As we round off the first decade of this millennium, many things are still “new to business managers in third world countries and Nigeria in particular: World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mailing, improved . . .

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Ezeudu Ikenna Jude
Pages : 53-58
Volume 4 , Issue 2
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What Factors Contribute to Entrepreneurs’ Decision Making Biases? A Comprehensive Study

Entrepreneurial decisions are of great value as well as importance in the field of entrepreneurship by playing an exceptional role in all major entrepreneurial activities. Given the unique characteristics . . .

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Kambiz Talebi, Pouria Nouri, Abdolah Ahmadi Kafeshani
Pages : 59-68
Volume 4 , Issue 2
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Factors Influencing the Intention for Online Purchasing: a Study among University Students in Malaysia

The purpose of this study is to identify the internal factors that influence online purchase intention among Malaysian university student which include trust, prior online purchase experience and self-efficacy. . . .

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Nur Farahiah Azmi, Lew Wei Peng
Pages : 69-74
Volume 4 , Issue 2
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The Extent of Applying the Target Costing Method in the Jordanian Chemical Industry Sector

This study aims to recognize the extent of applying the target costing method in the Jordanian chemical industry sector, and the suitability of the industrial environment for supporting such a modern concept, . . .

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Khalil Mahmoud Alrefaee, Laith Akram Mulifh Al-Qudah, Mohammad Mahmud Humeedat
Pages : 75-89
Volume 4 , Issue 2
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The Impact of Students’ Characteristics on their Perceptions of the Evaluation of Teaching Process

Students’ Evaluations of Teaching (SET) continues to be in use around the world;the reliability and validity of SET scores as measures of teaching effectiveness remain an area of considerable research . . .

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Ale J. Hejase, Hussin J. Hejase, Rana S. Al Kaakour
Pages : 90-105
Volume 4 , Issue 2
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Effect of Microfinance Services on Women Empowerment in Nyandarua County, Kenya: A Case of Kenya Women Finance Trust Clients

Women play a crucial role in the economic development of the society but obstacles like poverty, unemployment, low income and societal discriminations mostly in developing countries have hindered the effective . . .

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Faith Gathoni, Margaret Oloko
Pages : 106-114
Volume 4 , Issue 3
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Entrepreneurship Development Programmes and the Challenge of Building Entrepreneurial Capacity of Youth in Kano State, Nigeria

Increasing attention is being placed in policy and research circles on the position of younger generations. High levels of unemployment and limited skills among some groups of young people have partly . . .

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Yusuf Musa Muhammad, Kabiru Isa Dandago
Pages : 115-128
Volume 4 , Issue 3
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An investigation of Challenges facing Christian universities in Kenya: A case study of Pan Africa Christian University, Nairobi, Kenya

With the upcoming private universities in Kenya confirms that there is fierce competition on funds, students, and right delivery of the higher education (Barnes in Kearney, 1994). The stiff competition . . .

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Joyce W. Nderitu, David Minja, Samuel Muriithi
Pages : 129-143
Volume 4 , Issue 3
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Effective Leadership: Comparative Analysis of Leadership and Management

This article comparatively analyzed the dichotomy between leadership and management, their major individual characteristics, and perceptions about issues relating to organizational control, utilization . . .

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Ejikeme Jombo Nwagwu
Pages : 144-157
Volume 4 , Issue 3
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Corporate Reputation as a Strategic Loyalty Tool: A Theoretical Exposition

Establishing a good corporate reputation in the marketplace is important for every firm. In this paper, we examine the relationship between corporate reputation and customer’s loyalty from a theoretical . . .

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Ibok, Nkanikpo Ibok, Samuel G. Etuk
Pages : 158-164
Volume 4 , Issue 3
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The State, Employment and Retirement Management in Developing Countries: Nigeria Perspective

The article sets out to investigate the roles of a state in its social contracts with her citizenry in terms of social security, job creation and retirement management. Political power is often sought . . .

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Ejikeme Jombo Nwagwu
Pages : 165-181
Volume 4 , Issue 4
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Entrepreneurship Education as Helicopter for Entrepreneurship Development: Nigerian Perspective

Although the typical Nigerian entrepreneurship has always been conceived at the family level success would depend on possession of basic qualities in addition to the skills and knowledge about the technical . . .

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John N.N Ugoani, Anthony N. Nwaubani
Pages : 182-198
Volume 4 , Issue 4
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Employee Commitment: Nature, Antecedents and Outcomes

The authors explore the meaning, contributory factors; and results of employee engagement. We employ predominantly academic and popular literature to assess the three parts of the subject. Combining the . . .

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Nana Yaw Oppong, Charity Barbara Tetteh
Pages : 199-210
Volume 4 , Issue 4
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The Success of Lembaga Tabung Haji in Enhancing Muslim’s Economics

Lembaga Tabung Haji (LTH) is one of the Islamic financial Institutions in Malaysia. The purpose of its establishment is to help Muslim community to perform their Hajj and to raise the Muslim economic to . . .

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Muhammad Ridhwan Ab. Aziz, Mohd Zaid Idris, Bilal Jailani, Mohd Nurhakimi Md Yaman, Muhammad Syukri Mohd Ashmir Wong, Aimi Fadzirul Kamarubahrin
Pages : 211-217
Volume 4 , Issue 5
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The Structures and Application of Sukuk

One of the Islamic financial instruments for today is sukuk. Sukuk is essentially a certificate of ownership of an asset (real projects) that can be used on a large scale to finance the construction. In . . .

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Issa Qaed Mansour Qaed
Pages : 218-224
Volume 4 , Issue 5
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The Impact of Capital Accumulation on the Economic Growth

This paper explains the capital accumulation and its significance among the economic determinants. It has strong relation with economic growth process as its impact is more effective and steady than any . . .

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Syed Shoaib Ahmed, Syed Shahid Zaheer Zaidi, Hasan Raza
Pages : 225-230
Volume 4 , Issue 5
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The Benefits of the Multi-Currency System to Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Zimbabwe

This study endeavored to identify the benefits that were brought about by the multi-currency system to micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe demonetized its local currency, . . .

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Judias Peter Sai
Pages : 231-240
Volume 4 , Issue 5
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Professional Proficiency for Effective Accounting Education and Practice for Coping with the Changing World: Nigeria’s Perception

The research focused on professional proficiency for effective accounting education and practice for coping with a changing world: Nigeria’s perception. Both explorative and survey procedures were used . . .

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Akabom-Ita Asuquo, Aniefiok Udoh Akpan
Pages : 241-252
Volume 4 , Issue 6
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The Influence of Feedback Environment towards Self-Efficacy for Students Engagement, Classroom Management and Teaching Strategies

This study aims to identify the best predictive factors in the feedback environment dimensions on the efficacy for classroom management, efficacy for student engagement, and efficacy for instructional . . .

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Ling Ying Leh, Abdul GhaniKanesan Abdullah, Aziah Ismail
Pages : 253-260
Volume 4 , Issue 6
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Cultural Dimensions of Pakistan: A Comparison of Sindh, Punjab, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Provinces

Dowling et al, (2008), elaborates that cultural understanding can direct to better success of international business endeavors and absence of it can only as well direct to their failure. The Provinces . . .

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Mehmood Anjum, Syed Muhammad. Zia, Hasan Raza
Pages : 261-276
Volume 4 , Issue 6
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An Evaluation on Musharakah Mutanaqisah Based House Financing By Islamic Banks in Malaysia

Musharakah Mutanaqisah has been suggested as a better Alternative of Islamic Financing contract to Replace the Controversial Bay Bithaman Ajil contract in the house financing. However, To Date, Only a . . .

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Siti Fariha Muhamad, Azira Hanani Abd Rahman, Siti Khalidah Puteri Khalid
Pages : 277-284
Volume 4 , Issue 6
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Impact of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Justice on Employee’s Perceived Performance: Evidence from Cellular Sector of Pakistan

Human resource is considered as the core of any organization. The survival of organization mainly depends upon the knowledge, skills, abilities, attitude and work behavior of their employees. Organizations . . .

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Hafiz Ghufran Ali Khan, Muhammad Afzal
Pages : 285-289
Volume 4 , Issue 7
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Mission Statement and Bank Performance: Evidence from Nigerian Banking Industry

This study examines the relationship between mission statement and banks performance. The sample for this study consists of 11 banks from Nigerian banking industry. The secondary data was adopted for this . . .

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Idris Adegboyega Onikoyi, Olawumi Dele Awolusi
Pages : 290-297
Volume 4 , Issue 7
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Trends in Commercial Banks Credit to Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs): Current Financing Difficulties and Implications for the Nigerian Economy

This study investigated the impact of trends in commercial banks credit to small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs) and implications of current financial difficulties on the Nigerian economy using annual . . .

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Okwuchukwu Odili, Eigbiremhon Israel Ighedosa
Pages : 298-311
Volume 4 , Issue 7
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Mediating Role of Motivation between Incentives and Employees’ Job Performance: A Conceptual Paper

The paper examines the relationships among incentives, motivation and performance conceptually. The study used theoretical and empirical studies report in deriving the relevant hypotheses related to the . . .

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Alkhaliel Adeeb Abdullah, Mohd Zulkifli bin Tan Sri Mohd Ghazali, Mohd. Hassan Mohd. Osman
Pages : 312-325
Volume 4 , Issue 7
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The Effect of China’s Integration into Global Value Chain on Energy Efficiency

The accelerating process of economic globalization and the integration of world economy have urged China to integrate into the global value chain. The integration not only brings advanced technology and . . .

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Zhiying Ji, Maoguo Wu, Xiaofeng Lai
Pages : 326-332
Volume 4 , Issue 8
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The Role of Employees’ Trust in Management and Supervisors on Developing Attitudes and Behaviours for Organisational Change

The purpose of this study is to develop and investigate a conceptual approach based on trust to promote employees‟ readiness to organisational change. In this regard, the effects of employee trust in . . .

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Naimatullah Shah
Pages : 333-342
Volume 4 , Issue 8
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Maritime Students’ Satisfaction on the Services of one Training Center in the Philippines

The researchers pursued this study on the level of satisfaction of maritime students on the training and services offered by Lyceum Maritime Training Center (LMTC) because this study could contribute to . . .

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Michael John Dacuray, Renz De La Rosa, Jonas De Chavez, Paul Christopher Dolor, Leslie Joy Guevarra, Beverly T. Caiga, Leoncio B. Mandigma
Pages : 343-353
Volume 4 , Issue 8
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Participatory Technology Development Resource Access – For Institutional Strengthening Of Business Farmer – Padi: A Case Study of Kulon Progo Regency, 2013-2014)

The purpose of this study was to describe the activities of the organizational units / institutions supporting farm, analyze and formulate strategies for implementation of activities supporting institutions . . .

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Hermien Triyowati, Arwini Sumardi, Ratnaningsih Ruhiyat, Agustina Suparyati
Pages : 354-370
Volume 4 , Issue 8
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The Impact of Vendor Development in Supply Chain Management on Firm Performance

This paper presents a comparison of the traditional purchasing function with vendor development in terms of structure, organisation culture, quality, extent of information sharing, and characteristics . . .

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John Rudolph Raj, Arumugam Seetharaman
Pages : 371-382
Volume 4 , Issue 9
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Allocative Efficiency of Resources in the Production of Maize among Small Scale Farmers in Odogbolu Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria

This study was set to determine the Allocative efficiency of resources used in the production of maize as well as the factors that influence its output in Odogbolu Local Government Area of Ogun State. . . .

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R. K. Ige
Pages : 383-387
Volume 4 , Issue 9
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Market Orientation in the Microfinance Industry: Related Literature

The paper examines the concept of market orientation and how it is been applied in the microfinance sector in Ghana. The existing literature provides little understanding on implementation of the market . . .

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Gloria K.Q. Agyapong
Pages : 388-396
Volume 4 , Issue 9
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Corporate Machiavellianism and Macintyrian Capitalism: The Battle for the Soul of Business

The pursuit of profit and business success has always been the goal of CEOs and many business practitioners. This has further led to the devaluation of the human person in many business practices. This . . .

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Agbude Godwyns Ade, Ogunwede Joseph Kayode, Wogu Ikedinachi, A.P., Godwyns-Agbude Joy
Pages : 397-405
Volume 4 , Issue 9
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A Study on Implementation of Taiwan Train Quali Scorecard to HACCP Certified Box-Meal Supplier in Taiwan

Since the government established an HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) system for food manufacturers 15 years ago, the institution of food safety and sanitation has stepped onto a milestone. . . .

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Chen, Ying-Chang
Pages : 406-412
Volume 4 , Issue 9
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Process Innovation and the Financial Performance of Malaysian Food Processing Company

The impact of innovation on a firm’s performance has attracted significant research interest among scholars and managers. While empirical researches have shown that innovation is a means of improving . . .

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Arul Jothi Km, Ahmed Mohammed Kamaruddeen, Kuan Tian Ying
Pages : 413-420
Volume 4 , Issue 10
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Tourism Studies in the Province of Batangas, Philippines: A Literature Review

This article aims to review the published researches in Tourism related studies of Lyceum of the Philippines University-Batangas from various journals to provide basic information on the findings of the . . .

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Alex P. Ylagan, Jake M. Laguador
Pages : 421-428
Volume 4 , Issue 10
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The Application of Structural Equation Models in Industry: Tendencies

Modeling the cause and effect is traditionally solved using some regression technique when the independent and dependent variables are continuous or measurable. Often, however, the variables are constructs . . .

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García-Alcaraz Jl , Diaz-Reza R., Hernández-Arellano Jl, Cortes-Robles G.
Pages : 429-444
Volume 4 , Issue 10
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Executives’ Conscientiousness and Effective Keystone Vulnerability Management: An Empirical Survey

This study examined executives‟ conscientiousness and organisations‟ keystone vulnerability management. Data were collected from one hundred executives through questionnaire and analysis was done using . . .

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Justin Mgbechi Odinioha Gabriel, Seth Accra Jaja
Pages : 445-454
Volume 4 , Issue 10
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Evaluating the Relationship between the Past Information with Iranian Co. Capital Structure

This study evaluates the relationship between the structure and past information with capital structure between the listed corporations on Tehran stock exchange. To do the study, a sample of 114 corporations . . .

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Hossein Heidari, Dr. Hassan Ghodrati
Pages : 455-467
Volume 4 , Issue 10
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Patient Satisfaction in Family Medicine Practices and the Factors Effecting This Satisfaction: Massive Study Based On Questionnaire in Gaziantep Province

In order to provide easily reachable and qualified health services to everybody who needs, as we know the diagnosis and treatment of the illness, knowing the ideas and emotions of people who has illness, . . .

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Yakup Durmaz, Halil İnanç, Burhan Akyilmaz
Pages : 468-474
Volume 4 , Issue 10
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Resilience Assessment: Scale for Children and Adolescent

Within the International Resilience Research Project framework, a scale oriented to evaluate resilience was developed (Grotberg, 2001). This study searches for validity evidence of that scale in Portuguese . . .

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Pinto Coelho, Tania Gaspar, Albergaria F.
Pages : 475-484
Volume 4 , Issue 10
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Low-Income Consumers in Brazil: Nuances of a Market That Can No Longer Be Ignored

The main goal of this paper is to better understand the low income Brazilian market, supported by two basic concepts: price unfairness and perceived product value. In order to meet the research objective . . .

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Luiz Antonio Slongo, Carlos Sérgio Valdez Saldanha, Syed H. Akhter
Pages : 485-505
Volume 4 , Issue 10
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Crisis Management Preparedness in a Ghanaian Research Institute

Crises management has become very important in recent years due to both manmade and natural occurrences that could have disastrous effects on organizations. Crises cannot be effectively predicted or anticipated . . .

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Collins Stephen Ahorlu
Pages : 506-513
Volume 4 , Issue 11
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The Role of Employee Suggestion Systems (ESSs) On Organizational Development in the 21st Century

The inability of organizations to survive and sustain their operations due to the sky rocketed competitive environment in the 21st century has called for this paper in order to examine the role suggestion . . .

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Iorhen Peter Terna
Pages : 514-530
Volume 4 , Issue 11
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Is Integrated Reporting Calling for Integrated Auditing?

Integrated reporting is constructed upon the notion, which accepts financial and non-financial information as the inseparable part of general management function. Sustainability has become the principal . . .

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Can Tansel Kaya, Burcu Birol, NidaTüregün
Pages : 531-537
Volume 4 , Issue 11
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Strategy Analysis and Choice

Strategy analysis and choice involve making subjective decisions based on object- ive information. This chapter introduces concepts that can help strategists generate feasible alternatives, evaluate those . . .

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Ivan Mihailovic, Milena Marjanovic
Pages : 538-545
Volume 4 , Issue 11
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An Analysis of the Relationship between the Voluntary Disclosure of the Intellectual Capital and the Firm Value

In this research, we propose to clarify the relationship between voluntary disclosure on the intellectual capital and firm valuation. We primarily proposed a more refined conceptualization of intellectual . . .

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Saida Dammak
Pages : 546-566
Volume 4 , Issue 11
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CEOs’ Attitudes to Change, Strategic Flexibility and Organizational Performance in Greek ICT Industry

We examine the relationships between CEOs’ attitudes to change (cognitive, affective & behavioural attitudes; tolerance of ambiguity; individual readiness for organizational change), strategic flexibility . . .

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Kleanthis K. Katsaros, Athanasios N. Tsirikas, Sofia-Maria N. Bani
Pages : 567-581
Volume 4 , Issue 12
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Using Learn and Network Models to Rendering a Conceptual Model for Evaluating the Export Performance of Companies Listed in Tehran Stock Exchange

In these research we tried to cognition and presentation a model that determine the role of learn orientation and market orientation based on internal empowerment company to create quality commercial relationship . . .

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Azita Sheraj Sharifi
Pages : 582-591
Volume 4 , Issue 12
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