Gender Differences in Coping Strategies of Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse: A Case of Lusaka

Gender Differences in Coping Strategies of Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse: A Case of Lusaka

Author(s) by Thankian Kusanthan, Margaret Malambo
Pages 217-227
Keywords Gender differences, survivors, coping strategies, child sexual abuse.
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Abstract


Childhood sexual abuse is a public problem around the world. This is not only because of the ever increasing numbers of victims but also due to the detrimental effects that it has on the survivors. Most of the survivors employ different coping strategies with the hope of moving forward with life. The objective of the study was to access gender differences in coping strategies employed by survivors of child sexual abuse. Descriptive study design was used when conducting the study. Both quantitative and qualitative data was collected so as to have a holistic approach. 60 participants where part of the study out of which 50 where girls and 10 where boys. The study was conducted at YWCA in Lusaka. In this study 50.9% girls and 85.9% boys received counseling after being abused. Counselors were the most preferable people to talk to by most of the participants as 30.2% girls and 85.7 boys said they talked to the counselor with the hope that they will move on. In addition according to the results more boys, 71.4% had moved on after the abuse as compared to girls 67.9%. The findings showed that boys opened up more than girls who preferred to talk to no one. This was an indication that girls mostly engaged in emotion-focused coping strategies while boys used problem-focused strategies more. In addition, the findings showed that more boys were able to move on after the abuse as compared to girls.

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