Factors Affecting Uzbek Identity in Tajikistan
|Author(s)||by Ted Elder|
|Keywords||Uzbek, identity, Tajikistan, Soviet Central Asia|
|Open Access||Access PDF Open in New Tab|
Turkic speaking Uzbeks constitute the largest ethnic minority in Tajikistan, where the majority of the population is made of up Persian speaking Tajiks. These Uzbeks however are divided into a variety of subethnic groups. The Uzbeks in Tajikistan are much less homogenous than Uzbeks in Uzbekistan. They have conceptions of their identities which are based on tribal background, region of origin, and language dialect. This paper seeks to identify the factors which affect how Uzbeks in Tajikistan think about their own identity, particularly in relation to other Uzbeks. While some historians write of the long, illustrious history of the Uzbeks, other scholars see the current Uzbek ethnic identity as something largely crafted by the Soviet state. Prior to the Soviet period, ethnic identities in Central Asia were much more diffuse, and less important than today. Tajikistan’s Uzbeks are descendants of both Turkic speaking nomadic or semi-nomadic groups, and of the Persian and Turkic speaking oasis-dwellers, formerly known as Sarts. The Soviet efforts to create a much clearer sense of ethnic identities in Central Asia were largely successful. Yet the Soviet attempts to shape Uzbek identity were much less marked in Tajikistan, resulting in more lasting tribal identities, and more distinct dialects. Another historical phenomena that brought Uzbeks into Tajikistan were the population transfers, or resettlements, of the twentieth century. Soviet efforts to grow cotton in the Vakhsh valley of southern Tajikistan included bringing many experienced Uzbek cotton farmers from Uzbekistan. Then in their attempts to attract Slavic people to move to the new Soviet built capital of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, they created an environment that encouraged some Uzbeks to move to Dushanbe because of its economic advantages. All these factors must be taken into account in order to have a nuanced understanding of Uzbek identities in Tajikistan today.
ARTICLE PROCESSING CHARGE
Online Publication & Two Hard Copies
|International Journal of Empirical Finance||$ 100||$ 170|
|International Journal of Financial Economics||$ 80||$ 150|
|International Journal of Management Sciences||$ 100||$ 170|
|Journal of Empirical Economics||$ 80||$ 150|
|Journal of Education and Literature||$ 60||$ 130|
|Quarterly Journal of Business Studies||$ 50||$ 120|
|Journal of Language and Communication||$ 0||$ 70|
|Studies in Social Sciences and Humanities||$ 80||$ 150|
|Journal of Social Economics||$ 30||$ 100|
|International Journal of Financial Markets||$ 30||$ 100|
|Journal of Public Policy & Governance||$ 0||$ 70|
For a peer-reviewed journal, the publication of articles plays an essential role in the development of a coherent network of knowledge. It is, therefore, essential that all publishers, editors, authors, and reviewers, in the process of publishing the journals, conduct themselves in accordance with the highest level of professional ethics and standards. The publisher is dedicated to supporting the vast efforts of the editors, the academic contributions of authors, and the respected volunteer work undertaken by reviewers. The publisher is also responsible for ensuring that the publication system works smoothly, and that ethical guidelines are applied to assist the editor, author, and reviewer in performing their ethical duties.
The editor has the following responsibilities:
1.The editor should acknowledge receipt of submitted manuscripts within two working days of receipt and ensure an efficient, fair, and timely review process.
2.The editor should ensure that submitted manuscripts are processed in a confidential manner, and that no content of the manuscripts will be disclosed to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
3.The editor should recuse himself or herself from processing manuscripts if he or she has any conflict of interest with any of the authors or institutions related to the manuscripts.
4.The editor should not disclose the names and other details of the reviewers to a third party without the permission of the reviewers.
5.The editor has the right to make the final decision on whether to accept or reject a manuscript with reference to the significance, originality, and clarity of the manuscript and its relevance to the journal.
6.The editor should by no means make any effort to oblige the authors to cite his or her journal either as an implied or explicit condition of accepting their manuscripts for publication.
7.The editor should not use for his or her own research any part of any data or work reported in submitted and as yet unpublished articles.
8.The editor should respond promptly and take reasonable measures when an ethical complaint occurs concerning a submitted manuscript or a published paper, and the editor should immediately contact and consult with the author. In this case, a written formal retraction or correction may also be required.