Research Academy of Social Sciences | RASS

Aims & Scope

International Journal of Management Sciences is peer-reviewed international research journal that deals with both applied and theoretical issues in all fields of management sciences. The scope of the journal includes …

Publication Ethics

All journals published by Research Academy of Social Sciences (RASS) are committed to publishing only original material, i.e., material that has neither been published elsewhere, nor is …

Plagiarism Policy

Regarding plagiarism all the authors submitting paper to Research Academy of Social Sciences (RASS) should ensure that their paper is free from PLAGIARISM. The publisher and journal have a policy

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History, Anthropological and Genetic Characteristics of the Turkish People

The Turkish people also known as Turks (Türkler) are defined mainly as being speakers of Turkish as a first language. In the Republic of Turkey an early history text provided the definition of being a Turk as "any individual within the Republic of Turkey, whatever his faith who speaks Turkish, grows up with Turkish culture and adopts the Turkish ideal is a Turk. Today the word is primarily used for the inhabitants of Turkey, but may also refer to the members of sizeable Turkish-speaking populations of the former lands of the Ottoman Empire and large Turkish communities which been established in Europe (particularly in Germany, France, and the Netherlands) as well as North America and Australia.

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Tourists’ Satisfaction as a Means of Gaining a Competitive Advantage in Tourism Industry in Southern Tourism Circuit of Tanzania: A Case of Iringa Region

Using tourists’ attractions in Iringa Region as a case study, this examined tourists’ satisfaction as a means of gaining a competitive advantage in the Southern Tourism circuit of Tanzania based on the tourism destination competitive and attractiveness (TDCA) modelled by Vengesayi (2003), derived from the demand and supply theory. Questionnaire, key-informants interviews and observations were used for data collection. The study revealed that most of the tourists were satisfied with tourists’ attractions and services (hospitality). Poor infrastructures, promotions, poor maintenance and limited link between natural and cultural tourist attractions were found to limit development of the sector in the southern Circuits. The study recommends that there is a need for improving infrastructures, communication skills, multilingual and interpretations skills, provision of training on customer care and hospitality, marketing, business management and entrepreneurship.

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Factors Affecting Uzbek Identity in Tajikistan

Turkic speaking Uzbeks constitute the largest ethnic minority in Tajikistan, where the majority of the population is made of up Persian speaking Tajiks. These Uzbeks however are divided into a variety of subethnic groups. The Uzbeks in Tajikistan are much less homogenous than Uzbeks in Uzbekistan. They have conceptions of their identities which are based on tribal background, region of origin, and language dialect. This paper seeks to identify the factors which affect how Uzbeks in Tajikistan think about their own identity, particularly in relation to other Uzbeks. While some historians write of the long, illustrious history of the Uzbeks, other scholars see the current Uzbek ethnic identity as something largely crafted by the Soviet state. Prior to the Soviet period, ethnic identities in Central Asia were much more diffuse, and less important than today. Tajikistan’s Uzbeks are descendants of both Turkic speaking nomadic or semi-nomadic groups, and of the Persian and Turkic speaking oasis-dwellers, formerly known as Sarts. The Soviet efforts to create a much clearer sense of ethnic identities in Central Asia were largely successful. Yet the Soviet attempts to shape Uzbek identity were much less marked in Tajikistan, resulting in more lasting tribal identities, and more distinct dialects. Another historical phenomena that brought Uzbeks into Tajikistan were the population transfers, or resettlements, of the twentieth century. Soviet efforts to grow cotton in the Vakhsh valley of southern Tajikistan included bringing many experienced Uzbek cotton farmers from Uzbekistan. Then in their attempts to attract Slavic people to move to the new Soviet built capital of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, they created an environment that encouraged some Uzbeks to move to Dushanbe because of its economic advantages. All these factors must be taken into account in order to have a nuanced understanding of Uzbek identities in Tajikistan today.

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An Assessment of the Effect of Telecommunication Investment on Economic Growth in West Africa

The study is an empirical assessment of the effect of telecommunication investment on economic growth in West Africa covering the period 2001-2013, and using panel data from various secondary sources. The generalized method of moments (GMM) model, and granger causality tests were applied in the study. The dependent variable is real per capita GDP while the independent variables are telecommunication investment, lag value of real per capita GDP, gross fixed investment and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). The findings based on the adopted GMM model revealed that telecommunication and foreign direct investments have positive but not significant effect on economic growth while gross fixed investment and lag value of GDP are significantly related to growth. The Granger causality results showed bidirectional relationship between GDP and telecommunication investment while unidirectional causality runs from investment to GDP, and no causality exists between GDP and FDI. The study therefore recommended among others, the need for sustenance and enhancement of liberalization policy to encourage more investment in the telecommunication sector, and strengthening of reform aimed at deregulation and privatization of the sector, and improving access to telecommunication services in the rural areas with sound regulatory institution to enhance business environment and service delivery.

RESEARCH ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (RASS)

It is an International Scholarly open access publisher that currently provides worldwide research publications. RASS offers a broad range of options for authors and researchers, enabling authors to publish their material in our quality open access journals with a high degree of rigorous peer review integrity and transparency...

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